Finding Electronic Leak Detection In A Home Water Conditioning System

How Does Electronic Leak Detection Work?

The principle behind electronic leak detection is that all leaks produce sounds. An electronic leak detection system operates on that principle known as acoustics or the principles of sounds. The electronic machine that is attached to a building’s security system registers the sound made by leaks since it picks up sound waves and transmits their originating site using the safety system installed.

Leaks have different frequencies made by the type of leak whether coming from pipes that are under greater pressure or from pipes that are under lower pressure and from the contents of these pipes. These leaks transmit a frequency that is picked up by the electronic leak detector and is applied while being transmitted through the security system. The amplified sounds that the leak is making is picked up by a trained worker who is also given access to other information regarding the location of the leak found on the leak detection machine and on the type of leak based on the sounds it makes as well as the location.

An electronic leak detector is equipped with a transducer that is sensitive to sounds coming from a system of pipes. If a sound registers on the machine, it is transmitted to the security system at a higher frequency. The amplified leak is then detected and can be attended to immediately following detection. There are various sources that supply leak detectors or for electronic leak detectors. A plumber is an expert in installing and attending to leaks reported by an electronic machine designed especially to pick up on the acoustics made by sounds outside of pipes or leaks. An electronic leak detection machine finds leaks in water systems, toilets, drains, industrial pipes, steam pipes, oil pipes and other pipes transporting liquids. The principle of sound is what is used to detect leaks in pipes using an electronic leak detector.



Finding the leak

Sewer and drain line leaks are best located with sewer cameras. To begin with it should be determined that there is a leak under a concrete floor, before initiating electronic leak detection. Signals are a hot spot on the floor, the sound of water running when all plumbing fixtures are not in use and water coming from someplace on the floor (ground floor), or at a low point on a wall (1st story). Hot water coming from a cold tap and a water heater that does not shut off, or re-ignites quickly, are other signs. At that point one should check the water meter. If the needle is moving and no plumbing fixtures, or bibs, are in use, then there is definitely a leak somewhere. If the main shut-off valve is closed and the meter’s needle stops, it indicates that the leak is in the house (building). Otherwise it is occurring between the meter and the dwelling.

Location of leak

Once it is determined that the leak is in the Maui home, the house shut-off valve can be reopened (causing the meter needle to resume movement) and the hot water shut-off valve, located on the cold water inlet to the water heater, can be closed. If the needle again stops moving, it means the leak is on the hot water line.

Once it has been determined where the leak is, the loss of water can be controlled by closing either the hot water heater shut-off valve, which will still leave you with the permanent use of cold water, or by closing the house shut-off valve, if it is a cold water leak, which will leave you with no water. If there is not substantial water coming into the dwelling, these valves can be re-opened for short term use and then re-closed during times of non-use. This allows the occupants to flush toilets, take showers, wash dishes and laundry, etc., while the diagnoses and repair process is being implemented.

To perform the leak detection, the pipes are disconnected, usually at the water heater, and pressurized with nitrogen. This particular gas is excellent for making a “high-pitched” sound that is easily detected through a set of high-quality head phones using a sophisticated listening device. Once the highest decibel of sound is located, the leak is pin-pointed. Occasionally the sound will transfer through a channel of some kind, usually plastic pipe wrapping and the point of discovery may be a few inches or feet away, but we have experienced better than 95% accuracy with our electronic leak detection equipment.


How to find the source of a bathtub drain leaking:

  • If you have a shower door, splash water all around the door and frame. Leaks around the frame may take five minutes or longer to show up.
  • If the door has rubber gaskets or a rubber door sweep, check them for gaps.
  • Also check for any gaps in the caulk where the shower or tub meets the flooring.

How to fix a leaking tub drain:

  • Be sure to overlap sliding doors correctly when you close them. The inner door should be closest to the faucet.
  • If you have a shower curtain rather than a door, make sure you close it completely when you shower, or add a splash guard.
  • Seal a leaking frame by running a small bead of tub and caulk around the inside of the frame. Force the caulk into any gaps between the frame and the shower surround. Quickly wipe away all the excess caulk. When the caulk dries, test for leaks again.
  • Replace any worn gaskets or door sweeps. Bring the old one to a home center or plumbing supply store and look for a matching replacement (be sure to get the correct size to fit).
  • If the old caulk along the floor shows gaps, scrape it out and run a new bead.



There are many signs of a slab leak. When the faucet is turned off and you hear the sound of water, it’s one of the most common signs of a water pipe leak under concrete.

If you find hot spots on the floor, it may indicate a hot water line leak. Another sign of a slab leak is mould or excessive moisture under your carpets.

A damp carpet with signs of mildew or mould indicates a water pipe leak under concrete. This may also produce a peculiar odour at times.

Wet baseboards is another sign of a slab leak in your home.

This  provides information on water pipe leak detection under concrete. We will take a look at the following:

  • Locate the pipes in your house
  • Check the water meter
  • Perform the initial pressure test of your home
  • Perform a complete electronic leak detection service


The Best Water Leak Detection Tool

After ruling out surface and fixture leaks, your plumber will need to look for underground leaks or leaks hidden in the walls. The most effective tool to detect these types of water leaks is professional sound detection equipment. Using headphones and a microphone, a highly skilled technician will be able to listen for the sound of running water underground as it travels through the pipes. Additionally, they may also use pipe locator clamps on the visible portions of a pipe to transmit a radar signal over the pipes. This process is known as “charging the pipes.” Once the location of the leak is identified, an experienced plumber will explain the best method(s) to repair it and prevent any water damage to your home.

Tips To Find The Best Sewer Inspection

Sewer Inspections for Older Homes

Reasons to Inspect the Sewer Line

All buyers should obtain a sewer inspection if the home in question is more than 20 years old. The line might be fairly new compared to homes built before 1950, but it’s fairly common for tree roots to clog it up over 20 years or so.

How to Inspect a Sewer Line

When you are setting up your home inspections before you close on a purchase, simply call a plumbing company and ask if the contractor can use a camera to inspect the sewer. Your real estate agent might be able to refer several companies to you.

The Costs of Sewer Line Inspection

It might cost anywhere from $300 to $800 to have the sewer line inspected by video, although this assumes that the plumber encounters no serious problems. It’s money well spent, however, when you consider the cost to replace a sewer line, which can be thousands of dollars or even more. Keep in mind that a property can sit atop hundreds of feet of plumbing.

A Few Scenarios

Two homes were subject to sewer inspections—and one was not. Put yourself into any one of these scenarios if you’re in the process of buying a property. The first home was built in 1930. The buyers had a sewer inspection performed and were pleasantly surprised to learn that the sewer line was brand new. They planned to have it inspected regularly, but enjoyed the peace of mind of knowing it probably would not be a problem for them any time soon.


Sewer Video Inspection

What Is a Sewer Video Inspection?

This is a process where you call in a plumbing company or a specialist to run a video line through your waste pipes. The video might extend down your branch lines (the pipes that lead from bathtubs and faucets to the house’s sewer line) or down the house’s sewer line (the larger pipe that leads from the house to the municipal sewer line on the street). At the end of the line is a camera that lets you see the line in close-up and real-time detail.

Is It Necessary?

While this would not be a frequent occurrence, but you might need a video inspection if you plan to add a bathroom or remodel your kitchen or a bathroom. Due to the greater quantities of wastewater involved, you may want to inspect your sewer line to make sure that it can handle the increased needs.

DIY Sewer Video

Yes, but it is more cost-effective to hire a company. Homeowner-level video inspection scopes are far too short to inspect more than the first few feet. Not only that, these scopes probably are not auto-focusing or self-righting.

Typical Costs

Inspection costs greatly vary, from $99 to $300. Cheaper video line inspections may produce lower-quality images due to older equipment. These offers also may be tied to purchases of more expensive services, for example, you may be required to purchase drain augering in return for the inexpensive video inspection.


If you are doing an entire sewer line video inspection, you will see a “walk-through,” leading from the trap, down through the sewer line, and up to any obstructions. If the camera can push through the blockage, it may continue through to the municipal line.


Home Improvement Tips & Advice

What We Look For During Sewer Camera Inspections

The plumbing and sewer systems under and within your home are essential for your day-to-day comfort. If something goes wrong, you could be looking at major damage to your home due to a leak, or an awful stench that does not seem to go away. In order to avoid big problems, routine inspections and maintenance are crucial. But how can you know about an issue with your sewer lines when they are hidden under the ground and in the walls


A leaking pipe is possibly the most common issue we find during our video camera inspections. A little crack or a loose end can start with a tiny leak, but build into a sizeable problem. We will want to act quickly if we spot one.


There are so many typical items that end up down drains and eventually cause a clog, from hair and hygiene products to grease and egg shells. Our video camera inspects are a great way to locate the exact location of the clog with ease

Pipe collapses

Old pipes, or new pipes installed incorrectly, can collapse under the weight of the soil above and around.

Tree roots

Did you know that the trees that make your yard so beautiful could also be the source of your sewer and drain problems? It is not uncommon for tree roots to intrude into pipes and damage them.


Why a Sewer Inspection Is Critical Before Buying a House

Most home buyers today wouldn’t think about closing their purchase without getting a general house inspection. That’s particularly so with older homes, but many also elect to have new buildings examined by an independent third party. Inspections are excellent insurance for discovering existing and potential problems. Unfortunately, most home inspectors fail to examine the sewer lines, which can turn out to be a critical and costly mistake.

Why Inspectors Overlook Sewer Systems

Inspectors might overlook the sewer system for two reasons. One is that the vast majority of a sewer system is underground. It’s out of sight and out of mind. The second reason is that most home inspectors don’t have the specialized equipment or knowledge necessary to do a proper sewer line inspection.

Sewer Repairs Can Be Extremely Expensive

You might wonder, “Do I need a sewer line inspection before buying a house?” The answer is yes. A sewer inspection should be a mandatory part of your house inspection checklist. When considering what inspections to get when buying a house, do not overlook the sewer line. In fact, getting a sewer inspection is one of the most important home inspection tips for first-time buyers. Sewer line inspections are cheap, but sewer repairs can be extremely expensive. Why spend the money on a repair when you could have avoided with a simple inspection

The Worst-Case Sewer Line Scenario

Consider this worst-case scenario. After months of shopping, you’ve finally found the home of your dreams. It’s a heritage home and at the top end of your budget, but appears to be a good deal. You’ve done your due diligence and hired a home inspector. The report came back with a clean bill of health, and you happily move in. But, three months later, you have a problem.

Sewer Line Repair Options

This worst-case scenario is preventable. It’s hard to say how a court would view repair cost responsibility. There’s a “buyer-beware” and due diligence responsibility on you as a potential purchaser. And there’s no responsibility for a home seller to arrange for a sewer line inspection. Their only responsibility is to disclose potential or existing problems, but they may have had no clue about the trouble brewing under their yard



It’s usually not very difficult to figure out when there’s a problem with your sewage system, like if there’s a gurgling sound coming from the toilet or one of your drains. But it may be so bad (and horribly obvious) that there is raw, disgusting sewage coming back up the drains. While identifying that there is a problem in general can be fairly simple, figuring out the specific cause of the problem can be a much more painstaking process. Luckily, your Roto-Rooter professional is trained in all of the latest, most efficient ways to get your problem under control, as soon as possible.


Your plumbing professional or sewer solutions specialist will most likely recommend a camera sewer line inspection if you’ve experienced repeated backups in your sewer line or if he “feels” something odd while cleaning the line with a cable machine. But regardless if this is your first sewer problem or not, camera inspections can go a long way in identifying all types of pipe problems commonly found in your home or business. One of the more common issues is that a root mass has obstructed flow in your sewer system. But if a sewer pipe is damaged, a section is misaligned or it has begun to collapse due to old age, a camera sewer line inspection will reveal the issue.


The main two arguments for utilizing this advanced form of technology in plumbing both benefit the customer. The first reason is to save time in fixing a plumbing problem. When you have a problem in your pipes, especially in the sewage system, the last thing you want is to drag out the repair process. Not only can delays be inconvenient, but prolonged problems in plumbing can cause further damage to your house or to your business’s building. The second major argument for using a camera is to save you money on sewer line repair. Correctly identifying the problem will help your plumber come up with the most efficient (and cheapest) way to fix your sewer blockage and get your plumbing flowing properly again. Plus, by running a camera through your pipes, your professional plumber will be able to pinpoint the exact location of the issue, which prevents unnecessary excavation. If you’re about to purchase a new home, it’s a good idea to have a video sewer line inspection to check outthe plumbing before you close on the property. Why stick yourself with someone else’s expensive sewer fix?


Think of having a remote control snake with a camera on its head and lots of bright LED lights. That’s how we go about a camera line inspection. Our skilled technicians can get into pipes from 2 inches to 36 inches in diameter without a problem, all while having control of a camera attached to a snake-like rod. The material that the camera is attached to is very flexible, so bending around sharp corners or tricky bends is never a problem. Don’t worry, if you dropped a precious piece of jewelry or other valuable item down your drain, we may be able to successfully locate it and get it back to you if it hasn’t already washed into the municipal sewer system.

Tips To Find The Best Hydro Jetting Service

Benefits of Professional Hydro-Jet Drain Cleaning Services


Regular cleaning is essential when it comes to your sewer line maintenance routine. Scheduling a hydro drain cleaning or “hydrojetting” is easier than ever when you reach out to American Sewer Specialist, LLC. We offer professional sewer drain cleaning and hydro drain cleaning for a clogged sewer or unclog drain line, servicing Latrobe, Greensburg, Ligonier, Youngwood, Irwin and surrounding areas. Along with many other useful plumbing services that may need a sewer inspection camera in Latrobe, Greensburg, Ligonier, Youngwood, Irwin and surrounding areas, to determine where other issues are in the sewer line.


Things to know about hydro jetting

Hydro jet drain cleaning is a process whereby sewer lines are cleaned using extremely high water pressure. This type of cleaning is highly effective in cleaning sewer lines because the pressure cuts through the debris in the lines. This type of cleaning is also effective in removing minerals and roots from the pipes. Hydro jetting drain cleaning is one of the most effective methods of cleaning sewer pipes.

The benefits of cleaning sewer pipes using hydro jetting are that the pipes stay cleaner for longer periods of time because this type of drain cleaning cleans dirt and grime that has been impacted in the pipe. This allows the pipe to flow freely and prohibits chances of a backup in the sewer line or a break in the sewer line.


How Effective is Hydro Jetting?

Have you ever heard about hydro jetting? Do you even have the faintest idea what it is all about? For those who are not so clear with this plumbing process, here is your chance to see how it works and how you can use it to your advantage. Let’s see how effective this process is and if it is worth the price to pay.

How Does Hydro Jetting Work

This process makes use of a specialized nozzle connected to a high pressure hose and machine to produce powerful streams of water used to clear drains. The water is forcefully sprayed down the drain to push mineral, hair, grease, and other buildups that have caused a blockage in the drain. Normally video inspection of the line carried out before using hydro jetting.

In layman’s terms, hydro jetting is similar to power washing to clean dirty and clogged pipes. It uses streams that are as strong as 60,000 PSI to dislodge and carry away the debris. Normally the hydro jetting machine can be set to various PSI levels.

Hydro jetting has proven to be significantly effective in residential housing by removing silt within home plumbing pipes. This is a good alternative to manual cleaning using a plumbing snake. It also takes up less time with better results.


Benefits of Hydro-Jet Cleaning

High pressure hydro jetting  accomplishes two main objectives, including the breakup and flushing of any deposits blocking your sewer line flow, and pressure washing the entire interior walls of the sewer line.  In addition, you get the following major benefits:

  • Cleaning & Unclogging – Over time, your pipes build up deposits from grease, fats, soap, detergents, silt, dirt, minerals and all kinds of other sludge that can lead to clogs.  And often, a drain snake just doesn’t have the power to punch a hole big enough to unclog or restore water flow. So, it doesn’t address the ongoing issues that will inevitably result in more clogs down the road.  Fortunately, Hydro-Jetting has the power to not only unclog your pipes but clean them as well for a more long-lasting resolution.
  • Consistent Cleaning – With Hydro-Jetting you get accurate and consistent cleaning.  This method has the ability to clear underground pipes without the need to dig up your yard.  The high-pressure water goes straight into your pipes, clears, and cleans your entire system by spinning water and sand from multiple angles for a total cleaning.
  • No Residuals – Hydro jetting  powerfully and efficiently cleans your pipes for total residual removal.  Other cleaning methods simply don’t have the power to do this. The jets, however, can penetrate deeper into built-up debris, flushing out roots, minerals, rocks, and any other obstruction clogging the flow of water.
  • Bacteria Removal – The stream of water from hydro jetting  is so powerful that it can even remove bacteria that has settled in your drains from your bathroom and kitchen, which if left in your pipes, can cause all kinds of tricky problems.  For instance, if you’re noticing fouls smells coming from your drains, hydro jetting can fix this problem for you and leave your drain pipes clean and fresh.
  • Economical & Safe Solution – Of all pipe cleaning and clearing alternatives, Hydro-Jetting is the most economic and environmentally friendly solution.  Just one pipe cleaning using this system can significantly delay any clearing needs in the future by up to four times longer than typical snake procedures, thus reducing your sewer service expenses in the long run.  With Hydro-Jetting, the system is so thorough that it can keep your pipes clean and unclogged for several years, whereas traditional drain cleaning methods often need to be done twice each year. This method also doesn’t require the use of harmful or even dangerous chemicals that other methods may use to remove clogs.  Hydro jetting is completely safe, not only for your pipes, but for the environment.


 High pressure (water) Hydro-Jetting cleaning accomplishes two key objectives

  1. The Breakup and Flushing of deposits blocking your sewer line flow. Water jetting has the power to burst open the toughest blockages
  2.  A pressure washing of the “walls” of the sewer line and at the same time scours the full diameter of the pipe, flushing debris and leaving lines clear with no damage to the drain pipes.